2008 Country DM – Ecuador & Bolivia: Remittances for a Better Future
In Bolivia and Ecuador, despite the increasing attention that migration and remittances are receiving currently, the policy debate is still looking at unforeseen impacts on the communities where international migration has been exponentially growing. Migration policies and development policy have still a lot of questions to be resolved. However, it can be said that the issues faced by international migration and remittances in the two countries are broadly similar. Remittances now constitute larger sources of foreign capital.
Most of the academic studies carried out highlight on the one hand positive outcomes such as: (i) Migration affects employment for both migrants and recipients, (ii) Labor market participation, health and education improvement are outcomes of international migration. (iii) Children for migrant household are more likely to attend school and remittances have a positive impact on education and expenditure.
On the other, according to the information and data, migration and remittances are changing and affecting the family structure. Grand parents are in many cases in charge of the children and birth rates are reduced among migrants in comparison with non migrants. Children and adolescent members left over, are able to regroup their parents depending on the migration status and migration polices of the host countries. There is evidences on the increasing amount of household recipients on expenditure and consume rather than investments on farm activities.
The goals of the competition were:
- Determinants of migration
- The impact of migration and remittances on economic growth and development
- Temporary movements of people
- Link between trade, foreign direct investment (FDI) and migration
- Social protection
- To identify and support innovative, small-scale projects in the two countries for achieving better opportunities and outcomes for remittance investment as well as strengthening the social bonds between the migrants and those left behind.