Prefecture of Korca is one of the biggest prefectures of the country. According to the latest data of the General Directorate of Taxation, there are approximately 5,000 small entities registered that run their activities, but according to our investigations, the number of enterprises that operate illegally is around 40 percent. The purpose of this project is to reduce informality and unfair competition by creating and distributing a Security Stamp.

Farmers in many developing countries are exposed to severe income losses due to weather calamities such as drought, floods, and extreme high/low temperatures. Crop insurance programs exist, yet are plagued by fraud, corruption, and adverse selection problems. While weather-based index insurance would avoid much of these problems, its feasibility needs to be established in order to provide a low-cost and effective risk management aid for poor people.

Women in Nigeria suffer from low social status as well as issues arising from their poverty. They are often excluded from participation in levels of society above their small communities and have few opportunities to affect change.

As part of a former Soviet Republic, local communities in Ukraine had little or no ability to solve local problems through self-governance. Services provided by local government bodies reflected the legacy of the Soviet brand of socialism, a highly administrative bureaucracy with little accountability to its citizens. 

With over 500,000 hectares of mangroves, the Niger Delta is regarded as one of the most important wetlands in West Africa. The Delta is also the center of Nigeria’s petroleum and natural gas industries. Dotted with wells and crisscrossed by oil and gas pipelines, this fragile aquatic environment is subject to chronic operational spills and leaks from oil and gas operations. Rural poor in the Delta have responded with protests against the corresponding decline in agriculture and fishing, the top income producers for the region.

A comprehensive early childhood services undertaken by this project provide an educational, nurturing, and safe environment for young children.  Centers take over girls’ traditional little mother roles at homes and give girls a better chance to obtain education equivalent to the level of boys.  Concurrently, this project empowers women by giving them time and opportunities to be actively involved in productive economic and social activities.  In addition to the community wide care of children and liberation of women, the holistic approach taken by this project provides

Colombia does not produce timely and adequate statistics on social variables such as education and health, statistics that are vital to the formulation of public policy.  As in many other countries, the production of official statistics on social indicators is much worse than for economic indicators. The lags are much larger, and the statistics are produced in a less systematic way. 

During the economically painful transition to a market economy, Moldova’s government cut many programs, including those providing social safety nets for marginalized groups.  The existing educational and training concept concerning this category in auxiliary schools is out of date and do not satisfy actual needs. As such, there is a crucial need for contributing to the renewal and the improving the efficiency of the existent system. 

SMEs are often established in poorer areas and employ poor people. By generating economic growth and employment opportunities through SME development, SMExchange will help reduce poverty on a sustainable basis.

With estimates of 12 to 20 percent of its population infected with HIV/AIDS and 7 million lacking access to clean water, South Africa faces an immense public health crisis. This is especially true in rural areas where potable water may be scarce and the labor involved in fetching it falls largely on women and girls. The scourge of HIV/AIDS is well documented—a plague that decimates the most productive members of society leaving behind scores of orphans and the elderly.