Knowledge Notes, Cluster 3: Emergency Response
The Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT) set up its emergency headquarters at 15:15 (about 30 minutes after the quake). Thanks to the dedicated service of well-trained and experienced government staff, prior agreements with private sector, and advance financial arrangements, the roads leading to towns on the affected coast were cleared in less than a week, a relatively short period.
Also, by March 15, all 14 ports were either entirely or partially usable and began accepting vessels delivering emergency supplies and fuel. By April 29, the entire Tohoku Shinkansen line was in operation, as were most of the other railways except for those along the coast. Water supply services were resumed for about 90 percent of residents within a month, while electric power was 90 percent restored within a week.
Download the 6 Knowledge Notes on Emergency Response:
Mobilizing and Coordinating Expert Teams, Nongovernmental Organizations, Nonprofit Organizations, and Vounteers
Knowledge Notes, Cluster 3: Emergency Response, Note 3-1